Raspbian Wheezy armhf Raspberry Pi minimal image

After the Debian Wheezy armel image I made a new one based on Raspbian armhf. This one is compiled with hard float support, so basically floating point operations are MUCH faster because they are done in hardware instead of software emulation :)

Features include:

  • A minimal Raspbian Wheezy installation (similar to a netinstall)
  • Hard Float binaries: floating point operations are done in hardware instead of software emulation, that means higher performances
  • Disabled incremental updates, means apt-get update is much faster
  • Workaround for a kernel bug which hangs the Raspberry Pi under heavy network/disk loads
  • 3.6.11+ hardfp kernel with latest raspberry pi patches
  • Latest version of the firmwares
  • Fits 1GB SD cards
  • A very tiny 118MB image: even with a 2GB SD there is a lot of free space
  • ssh starts by default
  • The clock is automatically updated using ntp
  • IPv6 support
  • Just 14MB of ram usage after the boot

Here is the link to download my custom image:

http://files2.linuxsystems.it/raspbian_wheezy_20130923.img.7z – London, UK

http://raspberrypi.mirrors.node1.hadrill.org.uk/darkbasic/raspbian_wheezy_20130923.img.7z – Buffalo, NY
http://raspberrypi.mirrors.node2.hadrill.org.uk/darkbasic/raspbian_wheezy_20130923.img.7z – Atlanta, GA

Checksum MD5: e5b0d40f47a1fc2e4c2b80c99af538be

You will have to extract the image with p7zip:

7za x raspbian_wheezy_20130923.img.7z

Then flash it to your SD with dd:

dd bs=1M if=raspbian_wheezy_20130923.img of=/dev/sdX

Finally, if you have an sd larger than 1GB, grow the partition with gparted (first move the swap partition at the end).

The root password is raspberry.


You will have to reconfigure your timezone after the first boot:

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

The keyboard layout:

dpkg-reconfigure console-data

And the localization:

dpkg-reconfigure locales


It’s done, I hope you will enjoy it.

396 comments to Raspbian Wheezy armhf Raspberry Pi minimal image

  • reox

    hey, thanks for the images! do you have the kernel headers somewhere? i cant get them via regular apt-get and i presume that you have patched them?

    thanks in advance!

  • Mário Pinto


    I have been searching and searching to get my 1GB card working on the raspberry pi. And finally I found a fully functioning and updated raspbian.

    Thank you for all the time you invest on this!

    I think you should ask to get listed here:

    And think on a label for this project, so people can refer to and search for it more easily.
    Your work is great!

    Again, thanks!

    • darkbasic

      Thanks for the tips but even if I made the image from scratch I used the raspbian archives which means it’s a Raspbian based image, I don’t think it’s worth to be listed in the elinux.org list. Anyway the Raspbian project has been so kind to list it in their official site: http://www.raspbian.org/RaspbianImages

      I also made a pure debian image in the past (http://www.linuxsystems.it/2012/06/debian-wheezy-raspberry-pi-minimal-image/) but there is really no advantage in using it instead of the raspbian based one so I discontinued it. Lots of peoples made confusion and didn’t understand the difference, I kept it just in case someone wants to use the official debian binaries instead of the hardfp ones.

  • antonello

    Great distro based on raspbian. Installed. Congratulations!

  • Simon

    Nice image.
    Can i use the rasp-config program? Or install the program?
    A little question, i wanna use this image as a svn and webserver with PHP and MySQL. Does it work?
    I my second project i wanna use the image with python and a USB cam, does this work?
    Sorry, but i m New in Linux

    Greetz Simon

  • Hi there.

    First of all: This is great. Using this Image, I have a HUGE improvement in performance for my apps.
    My question is: How can I resize the Root-Partition? I want to use a 16GB Card but can’t install the raspi-config thing. I don’t really need it (I think) but I can’t figure out a non-gui way to to this.

    • octopus

      here’s what I do:
      > fdisk /dev/mmcblk0
      then press d,3,d,2,n,p,2,,,w, where every comma is
      that deletes the tables for 3rd and 2nd partitions, then creates a new primary partition (as partition 2) using default start and end sectors and then writes the tables to the card, then…
      > reboot
      > resize2fs /dev/mmcblk0p2

  • 3lackhawk

    I planed to use this great image on my r pi A modell.Unfortunately I stuck in the begining.I cant setup my usb wifi to work.Is it supported in this image?

  • 3lackhawk

    Thank you in advance.I tried to put wireless-tools deb package manualy, but it isn’t enought.The wpasupllicant package also need to work.Of course we need some depended lib packages.After all of this my wifi start to work.

  • volleyman


    I’m going to build some custom software for this release, could you please share which compiler did you use building this image?

    Something like gcc-linaro-arm-linux-gnueabihf-4.8?


    • darkbasic

      Never used linaro, just plain gcc: cross-armv6j-hardfloat-linux-gnueabi/gcc-4.8.2
      Beware that since latest image I switched from my custom kernel to the official raspbian one.

  • Massimo

    Hi, I’m just downloading this promising image !
    I see there is no update since September. Is there any new version scheduled soon ?
    I am interested into wireless-tools + wpasupplicant too.


    • darkbasic

      Don’t know, once again I’m out of space in my desktop and I need to do some cleanings. Maybe during the holidays, feel free to add suggestions (but keep in mind it’s meant to be minimal). I plan to add wireless-tools + wpasupplicant, serial console support and *maybe* rpi-update or something similar (I should write my own but I really lack the time).

      • Massimo

        Thanks !
        Well I guess your image should be the minimal set of packages required to have a “connected” Pi. Since ethernet is pretty kernel standard, wireless tools are usually needed to extend the connectivity.
        I am planning to prepare an image with my software starting up at boot. When a very cheap TP-Link adapter is plugged, it will raise a WiFi network and act as an access point, so I will need a minimal DHCP server too.
        In this way the Pi is autonomous and will not need a connected TV.
        Oh, my software has a very basic web interface so it can be controlled remotely via ethernet or wifi.

  • volleyman

    I’m using ubuntu right now
    It seems extremly hard to find a valid cross-armv6j-hardfloat-linux-gnueabi-gcc source or binary.

    Ubuntu’s prebuils arm-linux-gnueabihf-gcc can build for me but that results illegal instructions.
    linaro’s binaries can build but I’m not satisfied with them (they can’t build some 3rd party libs), and anyway it would be better to use the exact same one that the image was generated by.

    Could you recommend something or is it possible to crosscompile on ubuntu for your release?

    • darkbasic

      I’m sorry but I don’t use Ubuntu, I use Gentoo and so I did compile my own toolchain. You can do the same of course because it’s distribution agnostic.

  • Vincente

    Hi darkbasic,

    great work, thanks.
    one question: I want to create a new user with “adduser xx” and make this one sudo-able with “adduser xx sudo”.
    Still the user xx is not able to sudo ’cause raspian tells me: -bash: sudo: command not found.

    What else to do so I can a differnt user than root with your image?

    Regards Vincente

  • Eric

    I’m not sure why you chose 7z as your compression format for distribution, but could you please make these downloads available in one of the more common formats (tar.bz2, tar.gz, zip)?

    • darkbasic

      What’s the problem with p7zip? It’s completely open source and multiplatform and fully integrated with common archiviation programs like Ark. It’s the one which achieves the best compression ratio. I could easily switch to .tar.xz but why?

  • Vincente

    Thanks a lot.
    Please continue sharing your knowledge (-:

  • Gabz


    First of all great job on making this images, exactly what I was looking for.

    But I do have a problem, I don’t understand how to resize the root partition. I have installed gparted, but that partition is locked.

    Can you please advice on how this can be done ? I am a true beginner on this matter, I have never partitioned anything on a Linux system.

    Thanks ;)

  • Massimo

    Hi again,
    another note. There are more than 30MB in /opt/vc/src.
    I guess it’s not needed for the minimal purpose of this image. The biggest file is a H264 video, so removing it should reduce the 7z archive even more.
    Thanks !

  • max

    Hi, I tried to use the re compile kerenl and rootfs for raspberry pi using ct-ng and multistrap. my customized kernel works for original Raspian, but my customized rootfs wont work with mycustomized kernel.

    I customized two armel/armhf debian whezzy rootfs s, only armel rootfs works with kernel.

    I have updated firmware and /opt/vc. Would you please give me some tip on how to compile the armfh whezzy rootfs for rasperry pi?

    Thank you very much, Sir.

  • Alexandre

    Hi, I am using your distribution that IS really practical.
    I began driving it through the Web (with Apache and wiringPi added).

    The only problem that I have is that I don’t know how to expand this image to 2 or 4 GB using Windows only. I don’t know either how to mount the image into a VirtualBox Linux machine.
    Do you have any hint?
    Thanks !

    • Alexandre

      Finally I succeeded to extend the image for a 4GB SD.
      Convert to VDI image:

      VBoxManage convertfromraw -format VDI raspbian_wheezy_20130923.img raspbian_wheezy_20130923.vdi

      Expand the image:

      VBoxManage modifyhd --resize 3780 raspbian_wheezy_20130923.vdi

      Build a Virtual machine with a gparted disk and this image.
      Start this gparted disk in order to resize the partitions.
      Rebuild a new image:

      VBoxManage clonehd --format RAW raspbian_wheezy_20130923.vdi raspbian_wheezy_20130923_4G.raw

      And that’s it!

  • […] First I hunted down a lightweight Linux distribution, I stumbled upon the distribution put together by @darkbasic located here: http://www.linuxsystems.it/raspbian-wheezy-armhf-raspberry-pi-minimal-image/ […]

  • […] Und hier der Link: Raspberry Pi minimal Image […]

  • driesione

    Hey darkbasic,

    thanks for posting this! Really interesting image to use.
    My question is a little bit of topic but still very important for me:
    can you give me a good link how I can start greating my own image?

    I was willing to use source code and add some extra functionality (the dpkg package is not pre-installed and I wanted to install and recompile again). Can you help me with this?

    Thanks a lot in advance!

    • darkbasic

      Unfortunately I didn’t follow any guide: I’m acquainted with building a distro from scratch because I’m a Gentoo user and I already had my own Debian build servers so start playing with the raspberry pi didn’t take too much efforts. Considering the Raspbian team already did all the hard work there is no point in making your own distro, instead I suggest you to modify an existing one. Being minimal this image is the ideal target ;)

  • geakstr

    Hello. Thank you for this distributive.

    I have a question: after updating via “rpi-update” “uname -a” shows kernel version 3.10.25+. As I understand it, lost all charm «3.6.11+ hardfp kernel» and «Hard Float binaries»? Whether to use rpi-update? I want to keep all the features of the image in its original form, but at the same time have the latest Raspberry PI firmware.

  • winaken

    Hi all,

    I have been several weeks developing an application and a service using this good Raspbian image. Roughly the raspberry is responsible for reading data from gpio sent to it from a pic, display data using a web application, store data in a BBDD and enable certain commands to send pic from this , again via GPIO ports.

    I have my environment configured and working perfectly, but I’ve find a problem when replicating a copy of the SD card. If my SD (or another where I restore an image) put in another raspberry, ceases to be accessible network interface eth0, only appears lo (loopback) .

    I tried two Raspis of my two friends, one exactly like mine bought together made ​​in UK and version B, another one B also but oldest and produced in china. They are not clones of ebay or DX, are purchased in official, but I think this does not matter.

    Is it possible that the configuration save something that identifies my raspberry as a serial number, mac address, etc… ?
    I’m not an expert, maybe is something easy that escapes me.

    Sorry if my English is not perfect.
    Thanks for the help.

  • geakstr

    I’m a bit to benchmark this image.

    Clean install (LINPACK benchmark on Linux 3.6.11+ hardfp support)

    Memory required: 315K.

    LINPACK benchmark, Double precision.
    Machine precision: 15 digits.
    Array size 200 X 200.
    Average rolled and unrolled performance:

    16 0.63 95.24% 1.59% 3.17% 36021.858
    32 1.26 88.10% 2.38% 9.52% 38549.708
    64 2.52 88.49% 3.57% 7.94% 37885.057
    128 5.05 88.91% 3.37% 7.72% 37722.461
    256 10.10 88.32% 2.97% 8.71% 38131.598

    rpi-update (Linux 3.10.25+ hardfp support without overclock)

    Memory required: 315K.

    LINPACK benchmark, Double precision.
    Machine precision: 15 digits.
    Array size 200 X 200.
    Average rolled and unrolled performance:

    16 0.57 100.00% 0.00% 0.00% 38549.708
    32 1.14 97.37% 0.88% 1.75% 39238.095
    64 2.29 89.08% 2.18% 8.73% 42054.226
    128 4.57 90.59% 2.19% 7.22% 41459.119
    256 9.17 92.37% 2.07% 5.56% 40597.383
    512 18.30 83.06% 4.59% 12.35% 43837.074

    Turbo overclock via raspi-config

    Memory required: 315K.

    LINPACK benchmark, Double precision.
    Machine precision: 15 digits.
    Array size 200 X 200.
    Average rolled and unrolled performance:

    32 0.71 87.32% 7.04% 5.63% 65592.040
    64 1.41 87.94% 2.13% 9.93% 69207.349
    128 2.82 88.65% 2.84% 8.51% 68134.367
    256 5.63 87.74% 3.20% 9.06% 68666.667
    512 11.28 87.77% 3.10% 9.13% 68599.675

    I think rpi-update is useful, simple and non dangerous utility :)

  • Maik

    Hi there!

    I want to try this image for my raspberry pi to become a print server, and download server.
    Thanks to geakstr’s benchmark post i also want to update via raspi-config and overclock it that way.
    For my print server, i will use google cloud print and need the chromium web browser.
    Beacause of the chromium web browser i need a graphical user interface.

    Is the following correct to install rpi-update, raspi-config and lxde?

    wget https://raw.github.com/Hexxeh/rpi-update/master/rpi-update -O /usr/bin/rpi-update
    chmod +x /usr/bin/rpi-update
    apt-get install git

    echo "deb http://archive.raspberrypi.org/debian/ wheezy main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list
    wget http://archive.raspberrypi.org/debian/raspberrypi.gpg.key
    apt-key add raspberrypi.gpg.key
    apt-get update
    apt-get install raspi-config

    apt-get install lxde xdm

  • Martin

    Thank you very much!

  • Martin

    Is it possible to change the apt source to Debian wheezy or testing?

  • max

    Hi, I tried to use the re compile kerenl and rootfs for raspberry pi using ct-ng and multistrap. my customized kernel works for original Raspian, but my customized rootfs wont work with mycustomized kernel.

    I customized two armel/armhf debian whezzy rootfs s, only armel rootfs works with kernel.

    I have updated firmware and /opt/vc. Would you please give me some tip on how to compile the armfh whezzy rootfs for rasperry pi?

    Thank you very much, Sir.

  • Octopus

    This is a great and tiny image (almost seems contradictory). There is just one thing I want to change. After it boots and displays the login prompt how can I get it to NOT clear the screen before the login? I like to see the last few lines of the boot status so I can see things like NIC card configs and so forth.

  • […] jest dla mnie środowisko graficzne, pracuję tylko konsolowo poprzez SSH. Wybór padł na Raspbian Wheezy armhf Raspberry Pi minimal image, które spełniło moje oczekiwania – na starcie po skonfigurowaniu sieci, overclockingu itp. […]

  • […] installed a minimal raspian (a debian derivative for the Raspberry pi), that one can download here. Just follow the instructions on how to flash the sd […]

  • Andreas

    Thanks for this nice image!

    All instances of this have the same private ssh host key and a well-known root password. This is not a problem if the raspi runs in some local network, and everybody else in that local network can be trusted. It would, however, pose a risk if the raspi can be reached from the internet.

    I decided to harden my copy of the image in these respects.

    For that, I mounted the image’s root (ext4) partition on my Linux PC.
    Then, as root on my Linux PC, I did the following:

    # Regenerate the ssh keys:
    cd /mountpoint/etc
    rm ssh_host*
    for type in dsa ecdsa rsa; do ssh-keygen -f ssh_host_${type}_key -t $type; done
    # It asks you for passwords, just hit enter,
    # as host keys need empty passwords to work.

    # Allow key-based login for root
    # (replace “andreas” with your user name on the Linux PC;
    # this assumes that you have run
    # ssh-keygen -t rsa
    # as that user on your Linux PC some time in the past)
    cd /mountpoint/root
    mkdir .ssh
    cp ~andreas/.ssh/id_rsa.pub .ssh/authorized_keys
    chmod go-rwx .ssh/authorized_keys

    # Disable root’s password – root MUST use key to log in.
    cd /mountpoint/etc
    perl -i.bak -wpe ‘s/^(root):[^:]+:(.*)$/$1:*:$2/’ shadow

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  • […] Ihr findet das Image und seine Installation hier. […]

  • […] LinuxSystems’ Raspberry Pi minimal image is a minimal Raspbian-based Linux image for Raspberry Pi which installs on just a 1GB SD Card, has a nifty boot time and uses a fraction of the Model A’s 256MB RAM (or 128MB in this case). […]

  • octopus

    Since this image lacks the raspi-config utility (which I’ve mostly managed to do without), how do you enable the camera-board? All references Ive found say to enable it with raspi-config.

  • Sid

    Can you please let me know or point me the procedure for creating a minimal image i.e. root file system image from scratch?


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  • […] Raspbian alá telepítettem az xbmc -t, hanem kerestem egy minimális Raspbian disztrót. Én a Raspbian Wheezy armhf Raspberry Pi minimal image -t válaszottam, de hasonló a minibian is. Letöltöttem és a leírás szerint telepítettem. A […]

  • Asking questions are truly pleasant thing if you are not understanding something fully, but this article provides pleasant understanding even.

  • Craig

    You say use gparted to resize the storage.

    Does it have to be installed (apt-get install gparted) ?

  • […] and in case of the rev. 2s turned into headless, minimal systems according to darkbasic’s excellent guide and suggestions in the comments. It was installed on fast USB sticks to speed up the system as well […]

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